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Komparo inter Novial e Ido

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LinguesKonstrukteti linguesNovial → Komparo inter Novial e Ido


Novial blid krea da Otto Jespersen, kel had anke es ko-autore de Ido. Both languages base their vocabularies primarily on the Germanic and Romance languages but differ grammatically in several important respects. Comparisons of Ido and Novial both with each other and with several other major international auxiliary languages (e.g. Esperanto and Occidental) have formed an important part of interlinguistics studies. This article is intended to provide an overview of the salient differences and similarities of Ido and Novial.

Novial is more analytic than Ido, and in Jespersen's view more natural. Li Novial es plu natural kam l'Ido, segun Jespersen.

Personal Pronomines

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singular plural indef.
1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
familiari formal m. f. n. pan-genus m. f. n. pan-genus
Anglum I you (thou) you he she it he/it we you       they one
Ido me tu vu il(u) el(u) ol(u) lu ni vi ili; eli; oli; li on(u)
Novial me vu vu lo la lu(m) le nus vus los las lus les on

Verbal Sistemes

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The grammars of Novial and Ido differ substantially in the way that the various tenses, moods and voices of verbs are expressed. Both use a combination of auxiliary verbs and verb endings. However, Novial uses many more auxiliary verbs and few endings, while Ido uses only one auxiliary verb and a greater number of verb endings.

In both Ido and Novial, all verb forms are independent of person (1st, 2nd or 3rd persons) and number (singular or plural).

Lingual sample por komparo

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Dislok es li Paternoster in ambi lingues:

Ido versione:
Patro nia, qua esas en la cielo,
tua nomo santigesez;
tua regno advenez;
tua volo facesez
quale en la cielo tale anke sur la tero.
Donez a ni cadie l'omnidiala pano,
e pardonez a ni nia ofensi,
quale anke ni pardonas a nia ofensanti,
e ne duktez ni aden la tento,
ma liberigez ni del malajo.
Novial versione:
Nusen Patre, kel es in siele,
mey vun nome bli sanktifika,
mey vun regno veni;
mey on fa vun volio
kom in siele anke sur tere.
Dona a nus disidi li omnidiali pane,
e pardona a nus nusen ofensos,
kom anke nus pardona a nusen ofensantes,
e non dukte nus en tentatione,
ma liberisa nus fro malu.

Externi linkes

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Vida anke

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